There are a range of drivers of change in an accounting practice, and these will vary in value dependent on the varying challenges it faces.
These will include:
- Number of staff/Utilisation
- Timing of service delivery
- Use of offshoring/outsourcing in the practice
- The pricing model used (fixed or variable)
- How work is delivered to your clients
- Frequency of invoicing
All of these drivers can be impacted by the adoption of technology. But firms adopt technology at different rates, even in different parts of a single practice.
Martec’s Law sets out pace of technological development versus change in an organisation. Most organisations are held back by the speed at which the technology is introduced into the business, and later have to ‘reset’.
Consider within your own practice how quickly some teams have adopted change or new processes and technology. A prime example is a client using cloud accounting like Xero, but the year-end process is an annual process months after the financial year end. If that sounds like how your firm engages with clients, then neither party is benefitting from the technology improvements that software companies are introducing.
So, what are firms going to do to respond? There are varying approaches. Pick the technology changes that have the most impact.
Increase the agility of the team/business
Press the “reset” button intermittently across the organisation. Consider where there is a wholesale change in the systems and/or process as a way of speeding up change.
The image above shows the difference in perception of cost/value between the firm and the client. Accounts processing and being compliant for audit are allocated a lot of value by the firm, but the client attaches little or no value to them. The most valuable part of the service from the clients’ perspective is the client meeting and implementation and advisory work and the follow-up client meeting.
So, if the compliance part of the business is perceived to have the least value, shouldn’t this be delivered at the lowest cost in the fastest possible time?
As the MD of an offshoring/outsourcing business, I’d have to put the case that all firms need to look at the capacity required to not only deliver the service but grow the firm. Our most successful firms have ’spare capacity‘. which they achieve through a mixture of technology and strategic use of our outsourcing/offshoring solutions.
The question you should ask yourself is ’how much is your free capacity?’
Calculate your capacity plan
Using a ‘top down’ approach, consider:
- Predicted client billings
- Write off allowances (plan should be zero)
- Special Work
Using a ‘bottom up’ approach, consider:
- Available hours by staff
- Expected productivity by staff
- Budgeted rates by staff
Any difference will be a surplus, or shortfall, of capacity.
Improving processes will improve the capacity of your firm
There are a number of tasks that need to take place to improve your processes, which will in turn help you build capacity.
Firstly, you must identify your internal ‘champion’ to lead the process change, then they must build a framework for change. Identify key leaders and their role in the review of this process, ensuring that non-compliance with the process won’t be tolerated.
Then you can build detail around the new process, once compliance has been signed off and key leaders have agreed on the changes. You’ll never make everyone happy, so consider the majority view. Also consider key risks, and impact on clients.
Building an efficient team
Next you must make sure your team is fit for purpose. Training is the key to this, and this is done by building a training culture. The main areas to consider are:
- Process training
- IT Training
- Personal skills training e.g. negotiation or presentation
- Product training (e.g. Xero etc)
- Share your training plan with a wider group (internal/external stakeholders)
Build a delegation plan. Consider the skills needs in your business and ensure the team have the training to do the job. They must focus on solutions and ensure you hire and keep the best talent.
Then you must consider the skillset of your team. By having the right team balance with appropriate skills and experience you minimise rework, minimise errors and write-offs, particularly if work is otherwise delivered by senior managers and partners. Finally, if senior staff are freed up, they can be more client facing delivering more to the clients and bringing in new business.
Based on your client behaviour, it’s then key to try and smooth your workflow over the year. How do you do this? Well, build faster turnaround times within your production teams. AdvanceTrack has been building this for firms using their offshore-outsourcing capabilities. And then ensure that there’s free capacity across the year, not just certain months, allowing the firm to grow and deliver based on client demands.
What are you measuring within the firm?
I know from personal experience when working in larger firms that KPIs are given to staff they have little or no control of. As a result, if you measure them against this, it is demoralising as it is seen as unfair. So, ensure you measure people on things they have the power to manage. You must also give honest and regular feedback.
Team members should be encouraged to advise management if job budgets can’t be met. An earlier conversation may reduce the write-off through open conversation with the client and team. Finally, ensure each team member has a job budget and delivery deadline.
Bear in mind that feedback from staff and client will be critical. Review successes and make improvements where necessary. Can you recommend any advice to the clients based on the information your team has reviewed? Consider if that advice is billable, and whether a fee discussion is required.
If a client has poor bookkeeping or other issues, these must be communicated. If these are not communicated, they believe they provide good books. Firms across the industry are guilty of correcting the errors without communicating this to the client.
Make the client accountable for their actions around timeliness, accuracy of the information provided, query resolution and payment terms. Consider the purpose of an engagement letter and ensure it focuses on the client relationship and not legals, which can be dealt with separately.
You’ve built your capacity plan. You’ve trained your teams and most importantly, you’ve adopted technology and have a plan to take the most benefit from this, so you are closer to the technology line in your improvement process.
You then consider how outsourcing/offshoring can help deliver more.
Like all things, you need to consider the people in your business and ensure that they buy into the vision you paint of the firm and this will be driven by the type of person and possibly age profile of the team members.